FRANK Water in Odisha
What's The Challenge?
FRANK Water's Odisha project covers four villages in the Gajapati district, where more than 75% of the tribal population are Scheduled Tribe - specifically the Saura tribes.
Of the 148 households across the villages, 41 live below the poverty line (BPL), surviving on an income of less than $1 per day. The landscape is hilly and most families depend on farming, wage labour and forest produce for their livelihood.
The main water source is the stream. There are only 3 hand pumps, which operate for approximately six months each year. In these conditions, access to safe water, sanitation and adequate health services pose a daily challenge to remote tribal communities, who receive little assistance from government sources. Medical expenses account for 45% of the expenditure of the families after food and social activities. Health facilities, such as primary health centres, are up to 10km away.
What's FRANK Water doing about it?
FRANK Water is working with NGO partner Gram Vikas to provide these four villages with safe, sustainable sources of drinking water to reduce waterborne disease and time spent collecting water. The pilot projects use WASH as a first step towards empowering communities to engage in further development. The project model is based on a 100% inclusive WASH approach which means that every household takes part and receives a water supply (funded by FRANK Water, a toilet and a bathing room (funded by the community and the Indian state).
The water supply is tailored to each village, with a preference for gravity fed systems. The water is tested regularly and chlorinated when necessary. Communities are trained to maintain the system and required to pay a small fee to subsidise facilities for new households that join the village in the future.
Where we're up to
And there's more...
In 2015-16, we worked with a further three villages (Pengdhusi, Tangri Harizan Pada and Veziguda) in the Kalahandi District, reaching 172 families. Out of these families, 90 families are considered Scheduled Tribe and 100 families live below the poverty line. All three villages have their own water tank which is filled with water either via gravity or by using a solar powered pump.
Each village has formed its own committee (made up of 50/50 men and women) to ensure the water supply continues to function effectively.